Articles | Volume 46, issue 1
01 Jan 1996
 | 01 Jan 1996

Das Mittelwürm in den Lössen Südmährens und seine paläolithischen Kulturen

Karel Valoch

Abstract. Archaeological excavations at several sites in the loesses of Southern Moravia have revealed an Middle Würm Interstadial soil, classed by micromorphological analysis as between pararendzinas and chernozems. This soil has been named Bohunice after the locality where it was first defined and in accordance with the works of Haesaerts. Anthraconistic and palynologic analysis enabled a reconstruction of the vegetation and climate. The dominant landscape was open, with scattered groups of trees; the climate was cool and moderately wet. A number of radiocarbon dates relate to the period between 40 000 and 30 000 years B.P. At the time transitional cultures developed between the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic (Bohunician, Szeletian) and also the earliest Upper Palaeolithic culture (Aurignacian).