Editor(s): Julia Meister, Eva Lange-Athinodorou, and Tobias UllmannMore information
Geoarchaeology is a cross-disciplinary scientific field that integrates both geoscientific and archaeological approaches to study human–environmental interactions in former landscapes. This Special Issue includes studies which were presented at the international workshop “Geoarchaeology of the Nile Delta: Current Research and Future Prospects”, held in Würzburg in November 2019, pooling geoarchaeological case studies from different regions of the Nile Delta.
The Butic Canal, a Roman-period artificial waterway transversing the Egyptian Nile Delta, is investigated by means of newly available remote sensing data (the TanDEM-X digital elevation model and Corona satellite imagery). New features of the construction can thus be detected. Adding historical sources, the canal's function(s) and chronology are discussed.
The contribution highlights the use of Landsat archive data (1985–2019) for the detection of surface anomalies potentially related to buried near-surface paleogeomorphological deposits in the Nile Delta (Egypt). The analyses of selected spectral-temporal metrics showed several anomalies in the immediate surroundings of Pleistocene sand hills (geziras) and settlement mounds (tells) of the eastern Delta, which allowed mapping of the potential near-surface continuation.