Articles | Volume 70, issue 2
Express report
24 Aug 2021
Express report |  | 24 Aug 2021

Local mineral dust transported by varying wind intensities forms the main substrate for loess in Kashmir

Christian Zeeden, Jehangeer Ahmad Mir, Mathias Vinnepand, Christian Laag, Christian Rolf, and Reyaz Ahmad Dar

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Cited articles

Ahmad, I. and Chandra, R.: Geochemistry of loess-paleosol sediments of Kashmir Valley, India: Provenance and weathering, J. Asian Earth Sci., 66, 73–89,, 2013. 
Begét, J. E. and Hawkins, D. B.: Influence of orbital parameters on Pleistocene loess deposition in central Alaska, Nature, 337, 151–153,, 1989. 
Bronger, A., Pant, R. K., and Singhvi, A. K.: Pleistocene climatic changes and landscape evolution in the Kashmir Basin, India: Paleopedologic and chronostratigraphic studies, Quat. Res., 27, 167–181,, 1987. 
Dar, R. A. and Zeeden, C.: Loess-Palaeosol Sequences in the Kashmir Valley, NW Himalayas: A Review, Front. Earth Sci., 8, 113,, 2020. 
Fischer, P., Jöris, O., Fitzsimmons, K. E., Vinnepand, M., Prud'homme, C., Schulte, P., Hatté, C., Hambach, U., Lindauer, S., Zeeden, C., Peric, Z., Lehmkuhl, F., Wunderlich, T., Wilken, D., Schirmer, W., and Vött, A.: Millennial-scale terrestrial ecosystem responses to Upper Pleistocene climatic changes: 4D-reconstruction of the Schwalbenberg Loess-Palaeosol-Sequence (Middle Rhine Valley, Germany), CATENA, 196, 104913,, 2021. 
Short summary
We investigate two loess–palaeosol sequences in Kashmir. Magnetic enhancement of the loess was strong during stadial phases. Besides classical magnetic enhancement, wind vigour suggests partly strong winds. Grain sizes are dominantly in the silt range and comparable to data from central Asia, which do not suggest transport over high mountain ranges as required for non-local sources in Kashmir. Therefore, we suggest that the Kashmir loess is predominantly of local origin.