Articles | Volume 71, issue 1
E&G Quaternary Sci. J., 71, 91–110, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/egqsj-71-91-2022
E&G Quaternary Sci. J., 71, 91–110, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/egqsj-71-91-2022
Research article
24 May 2022
Research article | 24 May 2022

Holocene vegetation reconstruction in the forest–steppe of Mongolia based on leaf waxes and macro-charcoals in soils

Marcel Lerch et al.

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Cited articles

Academy of Sciences of Mongolia and Academy of Sciences of USSR: National Atlas of the Peoples Republic of Mongolia, Ulan Baatar, Moscow, 144 pp., 1990. 
Bittner, L., Bliedtner, M., Grady, D., Gil-Romera, G., Martin-Jones, C., Lemma, B., Mekonnen, B., Lamb, H. F., Yang, H., Glaser, B., Szidat, S., Salazar, G., Rose, N. L., Opgenoorth, L., Miehe, G., Zech, W., and Zech, M.: Revisiting afro-alpine Lake Garba Guracha in the Bale Mountains of Ethiopia: rationale, chronology, geochemistry, and paleoenvironmental implications, J. Paleolimnol., 64, 293–314, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10933-020-00138-w, 2020. 
Bliedtner, M., Schäfer, I. K., Zech, R., and von Suchodoletz, H.: Leaf wax n-alkanes in modern plants and topsoils from eastern Georgia (Caucasus) – implications for reconstructing regional paleovegetation, Biogeosciences, 15, 3927–3936, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-3927-2018, 2018. 
Bliedtner, M., von Suchodoletz, H., Schäfer, I., Welte, C., Salazar, G., Szidat, S., Haas, M., Dubois, N., and Zech, R.: Age and origin of leaf wax n-alkanes in fluvial sediment–paleosol sequences and implications for paleoenvironmental reconstructions, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 24, 2105–2120, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-2105-2020, 2020. 
Breckle, S.-W., Lawlor, G., Lawlor, D. W., and Walter, H. (Eds.): Walter's vegetation of the earth: The ecological systems of the geo-biosphere, 4th edn., Springer, Berlin, 527 pp., ISBN 9783540433156, 2002. 
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Short summary
Charcoals and leaf waxes from vegetation accumulate in the soil and provide information about past vegetation because they are mostly resistant against physical and biological degradation. Analyzing and comparing ratios of both element types helped us to improve the evidence for vegetation reconstruction. We found that the accumulation processes and preservation of these elements depend on different environmental conditions at forest- and steppe-dominated sites in the Mongolian forest–steppe.