Articles | Volume 73, issue 1
Research article
18 Jan 2024
Research article |  | 18 Jan 2024

Diverse phenotypes of Late Glacial–Early Holocene downy birch (Betula pubescens Erh.) and the morphology of early Preboreal tree stands in southern Schleswig-Holstein

Sascha Krüger

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Cited articles

Aaris-Sørensen, K.: Diversity and dynamics of the mammalian fauna in Denmark throughout the last glacial-interglacial cycle, 115–0 kyr BP, Fossils and Strata, 57, 1–61, 2009. 
Aletsee, L.: Zur Geschichte der Moore und Wälder des nördlichen Holsteins, Barth, Leipzig, Nova Acta Leopoldina NF 139, 3–51, 1959. 
Anschlag, K., Broll, G., and Holtmeier, F.-K.: Mountain birch seedlings in the treeline ecotone, subarctic Finland: variation in above-and below-ground growth depending on microtopography, Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res., 40, 609–616, 2008. 
Averdieck, F.-R.: Palynological investigations of the sediments of ten lakes in eastern Holstein, North Germany, Hydrobiologia, 103, 225–230, 1983. 
Averdieck, F.-R.: Seen als Grundlage für palynologische Arbeiten in Schleswig-Holstein, in: Von der Eisenzeit zum Mittelalter. Siedlungsforschung auf Sylt, Angeln, Schwansen, Ostholstein, Mitteljütland, Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission, Mainz, Band 67, 514–528, 1986. 
Short summary
In reconstructing the living conditions of the late ice age and the early warm periods, archaeologists rely on palaeobotany. Since the 1940s, there has been the common image of a treeless tundra, which changes to a light birch forest within only a few years at the transition between the periods. By using environmental data, it is demonstrated that this image must be refined, and examples are given for a better understanding of palaeobotanical data and their use in archaeological reconstructions.