Articles | Volume 69, issue 1
E&G Quaternary Sci. J., 69, 1–32, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egqsj-69-1-2020
E&G Quaternary Sci. J., 69, 1–32, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/egqsj-69-1-2020

Research article 11 Feb 2020

Research article | 11 Feb 2020

Long-term human impact and environmental change in mid-western Ireland, with particular reference to Céide Fields – an overview

Michael O'Connell et al.

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Cited articles

Aalen, F. H. A., Whelan, K., and Stout, M. (Eds.): Atlas of the Irish Rural Landscape, 2 edn., Cork University Press, Cork, 2011. 
Achterberg, I. E. M., Eckstein, J., Birkholz, B., Bauerochse, A., and Leuschner, H. H.: Dendrochronologically dated pine stumps document phase-wise bog expansion at a northwest German site between ca. 6700 and ca. 3400 BC, Clim. Past, 14, 85–100, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-85-2018, 2018. 
Anon: Radiocarbon laboratories, Radiocarbon, 55, 2073–2096, 2013. 
Arnoldussen, S. and van der Linden, M.: Palaeo-ecological and archaeological analysis of two Dutch Celtic fields (Zeijen-Noordse Veld and Wekerom-Lunteren): solving the puzzle of local Celtic field bank formation, Veget. Hist. Archaeobot., 26, 551–570, 2017. 
Arponen, V. P. J., Dörfler, W., Feeser, I., Grimm, S., Groß, D., Hinz, M., Knitter, D., Müller-Scheeßel, N., Ott, K., and Ribeiro, A.: Environmental determinism and archaeology. Understanding and evaluating determinism in research design, Archaeol. Dialogues, 26, 1–9, 2019a. 
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Short summary
Long-term environmental change in Co. Mayo, on the mid-Atlantic seaboard of Ireland, is discussed. Pollen diagrams and bog pine, dated by 14C and dendrochronology, provide evidence for woodlands, farming and climate change. Intensive farming is dated to the early Neolithic (3800–3400 BC) prior to wide-scale spread of blanket bog. Construction of the peat-covered, stone-wall field system at Céide Fields occurred at this time which is unexpectedly early. Bronze and Iron Age activity is detailed.